How to declare cryptocurrency taxes for previous years in Sweden (Självrättelse)
In this article we will take you through the process of submitting a Självrättelse to Skatteverket. This is useful if you want to declare crypto taxes for previous years.
Updated: Oct. 11, 2021, 12:25 p.m.
As crypto continues to mature so does the associated tax system and tax enforcement procedures. Tax authorities across the globe are realizing that a lot of tax money is being withheld by individuals not declaring their crypto gains. For example, in Australia and the US tax authorities have already started enforcing crypto taxes much harder.
This year (2021), Skatteverket stated that only 3000 Swedes had declared taxes on their crypto gains. With this being well under the number expected, it is likely that Skatteverket will start allocating more resources towards uncovering crypto tax evasion. With most blockchains acting as publicly visible ledgers, and tools like Chainanalysis becoming more sophisticated, the chance of being discovered increases.
It is not uncommon for us at Divly to talk to people who have either forgotten or misunderstood how to pay taxes on crypto correctly for prior years. Often they come to us because they want to do the right thing! If you are in a similar situation and want to rectify your crypto taxes, then this guide will be able to help you.
This guide should not be considered as a substitute for tax, legal, audit, accounting, or financial advice. No fiduciary relationship has been created by you and divly.com. We are merely collating and sharing information we find useful. The guide may or may not include incorrect or outdated information.
What is a Självrättelse?
Fortunately, there is a way to rectify past errors by submitting a Självrättelse to Skatteverket. As long as you proactively notify of past errors, then according to the law, no additional tax surcharge will be applied. From Skatteverkets website: Lagen säger att skattetillägg inte får tas ut när en person på eget initiativ har rättat en oriktig uppgift (49 kap. 10 § 2 p. SFL).
However, a självrättelse only works if you point out the errors before Skatteverket finds them or has started an investigation. Typically you can submit a självrättelse 6 years back, with the exception of extreme cases where 10 years applies.
How do I submit a Självrättelse?
There are four main steps to consider when submitting a självrättelse.
Assemble the necessary documents needed for each tax year to correctly declare your crypto gains (e.g. K4).
Summarize the different types of income and expenses for each year by filling in this document.
Either write a letter that meets specific criteria we will describe below, or fill out form SKV 6891 with the necessary information.
Print everything out and mail it to your closest Skatteverket office.
You can submit a självrättelse for multiple years simultaneously to save time. However, Skatteverket will provide an individual verdict for each year.
Step 1: Assemble the necessary documents
Calculating your gains and assembling the necessary documents is typically the tricky part of the process. This is especially true if you have many crypto to crypto trades. The documents required will depend on the classification of the cryptocurrency transactions you have had. For the majority of people who have only bought and sold crypto, one will need to provide a K4 for each relevant year. However, if you have received crypto in the form of an income or loan interest, then you may need to provide other forms of supporting documentation. If you have been mining as a hobby it’s best to include a T2 form.
As we understand it, for the purpose of submitting the självrättelse, providing a K4 should be sufficient for capital gains tax activities (selling, trading crypto etc). However, it is always good to have proof of purchase / receipts / transaction history available if Skatteverket were to ask for them.
Since you will be sending the självrättelse via physical mail, you will need to download, print, and fill in the K4. When reporting crypto you want to fill out section D. Övriga värdeppaper, andra tillgångar (kapitalplaceringar t.ex. råvaror, kryptovalutor) m.m. You can download the K4 from Skatteverket’s website.
Step 2: Summarize your income
The second step is a lot easier and requires you to sum up the totals for each category for the relevant years. To make life easier, download and fill in this form. If you are using Divly, this form will be included in the tax report download.
The form only requires you to sum up the totals for the amounts you are amending. You do not need to “redo” the entire declaration. Make sure to provide the totals in SEK. Here are few sections that may need amending depending on your scenario:
Section 1.1: If you got paid a salary or wage in crypto.
Section 1.6: If you have been mining crypto as a hobby (T2).
Section: 7.2: If you have received crypto as loan interest or staking rewards.
Section: 7.5: If you have incurred capital gains on crypto from activities such as selling or trading crypto (K4).
Step 3: Write a letter regarding your submission
There are two methods you can use to finalize this step. The first is by writing a letter, the second is by filling out form SKV 6891. Which one you do is up to you but you will need to provide the same information as described in the picture below:
Since Divly does not collect personal information beyond your email used to sign up, we can’t write the letter or fill in the form for you. The reasons behind a Självrättelse may also vary from person to person. We are however looking at ways to write a standard paragraph that covers the most common scenario to make it a bit easier.
Finally, make sure to sign the letter or the form before sending it!
Step 4: Send in your submission to Skatteverket
This step is the easiest! Print everything out and mail it to your closest Skatteverket office. You have now set the wheels in motion to rectify past tax errors.
What happens now?
Once Skatteverket receives your självrättelse they will eventually begin the process of using the information you provided to provide a new verdict for the respective years. How long this process will take can vary from case to case. Skatteverket may also contact you and ask for more specific information such as your crypto transaction history. It is good to have this information available if they do require it.
Eventually you will be given a verdict for each year you submitted. You will either need to pay tax or receive a tax refund depending on the scenario. It’s good to know that there is an interest applied to your tax account with Skatteverket. You can read more about it here.
Congratulations! You have now cleaned up your crypto tax history. Hopefully you will be able to worry less and sleep better once everything is declared and paid for. Feel free to share the article to friends if you found it useful.
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An easy way to save time is by using automation services like Divly. Divly does all the calculations for you so you can spend more time on other things in life.